A handful of reports out there about a recent DDOS attack that relied on
memcached and DDOS’s best friend, UDP. Link is to Cloudflare’s blog post about the attack, which is a thorough yet accessible explanation. It seems like this is the most amplified amplification attack yet, and without even using a significant number of memcached vectors. A lot of potential vectors were from cloud hosts like AWS and Linode – many of these have apparently closed up the hole. Hopefully this minimizes the potential for a larger attack, but it’s worth quoting Cloudflare:
The [UDP] specification shows that it’s one of the best protocols to use for amplification ever! There are absolutely zero checks, and the data WILL be delivered to the client, with blazing speed! […] Developers: Please please please: Stop using UDP.
Cloudflare also touches on the fact that the larger problem is IP spoofing, and they wrote a followup post about that specifically. I just found the
memcached amplification attack fascinating.
Brian Krebs reports on one of the stranger scams I’ve read about in recent years. Essentially an author’s name (and tax info) was used to publish a book of pure nonsense using CreateSpace, and sell it for an exorbitant price, presumably as part of a money-laundering scheme:
Reames said he suspects someone has been buying the book using stolen credit and/or debit cards, and pocketing the 60 percent that Amazon gives to authors. At $555 a pop, it would only take approximately 70 sales over three months to rack up the earnings that Amazon said he made.
Patrick Reames, the (real) author in question, discovered the whole thing upon being sent a 1099 for massive earnings he hadn’t actually made. A rather convoluted scheme, but it’s easy to see how it wouldn’t be detected for quite some time. Fascinating read.
Somehow I missed this until now, but of course after Mozilla went and released their first good web browser in forever, they then went and mucked everything up. Apparently the ‘Shield Studies’ feature, which is supposed to act as a distributed test system for new features, was instead used to unwittingly install a disturbing-looking extension that was effectively an ad for a TV show. The problem ultimately seems to stem from a disconnect between Mozilla (the corporation) and Mozilla (the NPO and community) – and in fact, their developers were not thrilled about it. This is a huge breach of trust, and if Mozilla (the corporation) can’t wrap their head around their own manifesto, I can’t imagine a very good future. Mozilla did acknowledge that they fucked up, but the apology seems rather half-hearted at best. I know I have disabled Shield Studies, and until I see some evidence that a genuine attempt is being made to restore user trust, I will remain skeptical of Mozilla’s motives.
Well, this sucks. My host, NFSN, is doing a major overhaul to their pricing scheme simply because the internet has become such a horrible hotbed of malice. To be clear, when I say ‘this sucks’, I don’t mean any negativity toward NFSN. The article link up there goes to their blog post explaining the matter, and it frankly seemed inevitable that fighting DDOS attacks would catch up to their pricing scheme. Previously, if you had a static site with low bandwidth and storage, you could probably get a year out of a quarter (domain registration not included, of course). The new plan allows for basically a $3.65 annual minimum which is still impressive (especially given what NFSN offers). But it’s a bummer that it’s come to this.
I would like to reiterate that this is not a complaint against NFSN. I will continue to use them for hosting, I will continue to recommend them, I will continue to praise them. I believe this is a necessary move. I’m just really, really pissed off that this is where we are with the internet. I don’t know what’s going on behind the scenes as far as law enforcement, but the internet is a global network (really?) and that’s not an easy problem to solve. I just hope something is happening to clean this wasteland up, because the advancements we’ve made in the information age are too important to bury under a sheet of malice.